Dental Hygeneist


 Statutes Governing Dental Hygienist Diploma Course.

                Short Title and Commencement

1.    These statutes may be called as Dental Hygienist Course Regulations 2011.

These statutes will come into force from the session 2010-11.

Unless the Context otherwise requires.

a.    Dental Hygienist means a person not being a dentist or a medical practitioner, who scales, cleans or polishes teeth, or gives instructions in Dental Hygiene. He /she shall work under the supervision of registered dental surgeon.

b.    Board of professional entrance examination means a statutory body constituted by the government to effect admission to the Dental Hygienist Diploma course on the basis of overall merit in the competitive examination.

c.    Diploma means dental hygienist diploma.


No candidate shall be allowed to be admitted to the diploma curriculum of first year dental Hygienist Diploma Course until he/ she has:-

a.    Completed the age of seventeen years at the time of admission or within three months of it .

b.    Should be medically fit to pursue the course.

c.    Candidate must have passed 10+2 or two years intermediate or equivalent  course thereof with science subjects i.e. physics, chemistry and biology from a recognized Indian university or pre university/ intermediate board with marks not less then 50%


Nature and Duration of Course.

The course of studies should extend  over a period of  two academic years  and lead to the qualification of Dental Hygienist diploma.  During this period student shall be required to have engaged in full time study at Dental College recognized or approved by Dental Council of India.


An examination for the grant of diploma of dental hygienist shall be conducted by a board of three examiners imparting training for qualification of dental hygienist course approved by the Dental Council of India. One of the examiners must be external (From outside the institution)

Qualification/eligibility to appointment as examiners for Dental Hygienist examinations.

A        out of three members of examining board the external and one internal examiner should be at least  reader in Periodontics (MDS) and third can be tutor (Dental Hygienist Course ) involved in teaching in course.

B.       the examination shall be held twice in a year on dates  as may be fixed. Examination shall consist of two parts.

1        primary Examination (Ist year)

2        Final diploma examination

The primary examination (Ist Year).

The examination shall be open to any student who.

1        has been enrolled during one academic year preceding the examination in an institution.

2.       the candidate must have passed 10+2 or equivalent with science subjects from recognized Indian university or pre university/ intermediate board.

3.       has his/her name  submitted to the board of examiners by the head of institution in which he/she is enrolled.


4.       Produces the following certificates signed by the head of institution.


a.       of Good character.

b.       of having attended  not less than 75% of the full course of lecturers delivered and practical’s/demonstrations clinical conducted in each of the subjects of examination.

c.       every candidate shall forward  his/her application to the examining body by a date fixed by that body accompanied by the prescribed fee. A candidate who fails to pass or present himself/ herself for examination shall not be entitled to claim a refund of the fee.

5.       Every candidate shall be examined in the following subjects comprising of three theory papers as follows.

Paper I:-       Anatomy, physiology and histology.

Paper II:-     Pharmacology, pathology and microbiology.

Paper II:-      Food nutrition and radiology.

Marks for each of the papers shall be as under:-

Written        75

Oral             25

Practical’s:   100

Total :-       200


Each written paper shall be of three hours.

The question paper shall contain different types of question like essay. Short answers and objective type/MCQ.

The nature of question set shall be aimed to evaluate students of different standards ranging from average/excellent.

The question shall cover a broad area of the content of the course.  The essay questions short answers and objective type should be properly structured and the marks specifically allotted.


6.       Every candidate shall be required to take up all subjects of the examination. A candidate failing in any paper or papers of this examination before being permitted to re appear at the subsequent examination shall produce evidence of having pursued such a course of training as the head of institution may determine. 

A candidate who passes in any one or more papers of the examination shall be exempted from appearing in which he/she has passed and shall be allowed to re appear in the rest in which he/she has failed in any subsequent examination within a period of two years after two years the candidate will have to appear in all the papers of this examination.

7.       The minimum number of percents required to pass the examination shall b e 50% in each paper  both in the 

a.       written and oral

b.       Practical parts of the examination.

Candidates who obtain minimum of 75% marks of any paper under examination and passes in all three subjects in first attempt shall be declared to have passed in distinction in a particular subject/ subjects.

Candidates who do not pass in all the papers in the first attempt and later passes with distinction marks shall be declared as passed but without distinction.

8.       After the examination board of examiners shall publish a list of the candidates who have passed. Each successful candidate shall be granted a primary diploma.


Any candidate who fails in one subject in an examination shall be permitted to go to next higher class and appear for the subject with supplementary/ subsequent examination and complete it successfully before he/she is permitted to appear for the next higher examination.

A candidate who has secured a pass in a subject shall b e exempted from appearing in that subject again at a subsequent examination.  

A candidate who fails in more than one subject shall not base allowed to join the next higher class unless he/she has passed in the subject/subjects in which he/she has failed.

A candidate who appears in first year and whose results are awaited / withheld for one reason or for the other shall be allowed provisionally to attend the final diploma class. In case of candidates who pass the examination in full their provisional admission to the next class shall be deemed to have been regularized from the date of joining the said final diploma class but in case the candidate who fails in more than one subject of primary diploma examination provisional examination to the next (Final Diploma class) shall stand automatically cancelled.

A candidate who fails to appear in or to pass the primary examination(first year) in  six attempts within a period of three years from the date of first examination of the batch of students with which he/she  was admitted to the Dental College shall not be allowed to continue his/her dental studies.

9.       Examinations to be held twice a year as annual and supplementary with a gap of six months between the two from the date of commencement of examination.

10.     Re-evaluation the objective of reevaluation is to ensure that the student receives a fair evaluation and to minimize human error and extenuating circumstances. There shall be tow mechanism for this purpose.

a.       Re-totaling on application and remittance of a stipulated fee prescribed by head of institution shall permit a recounting or opportunity to recount the marks received from various questions n an answer paper/ papers for theory of all subjects for which the candidate has appeared.  Any error in addition of the marks awarded if identified should be suitably rectified.

b.       Re-evaluation of theory papers may be permissible on application and remittance of prescribed fee. Such answer scripts shall be re evaluated by not less than two duly examiners of the institution form the specialty of Periodontics / Pedodontics/Conservative dentistry and the result accordingly reconsidered.

The Final Diploma Examination:-

1.    This examination shall be open to any student who has been enrolled for primary academic year preceding the examination in an institution  approved  by the Dental Council of India  for the purpose;

a)    has been enrolled  for primary academic  year preceding the examination in an institution  approved by the Dental Council of India for the purpose;

b)   has previously passed the Primary  examination  for the Diploma of Dental Hygienists:

c)    has his/her  name submitted to the Board of Examiners by Head  of the Institution  in which he/she is enrolled;

d)   Produces the following certificates signed by the Head of the Institution;


                     I.        Of good character;

                   II.        Of having attended not less than 75% of the full course of lectures delivered and practical/demonstration/clinical conducted in each of the papers of the examination;

                 III.        Of having passed the primary examination in all papers.


2.    There shall not be a gap of more than two academic years between Primary and Final Diploma exams.

 Every candidate shall forward his/her application to the examining Body  by a    date fixed by that body, accompanied by the prescribed fee.  A candidate who fails to pass or present himself/herself  for examination shall not be entitled to claim a refund of the fee.

      Every candidate shall be examined in the following subjects comprising of three papers as follows:-

                   Paper  I:  Dental Hygiene & Oral Prophylaxis.

Paper II:  Dental Health Education, community/public Health Dentistry, preventive Dentistry.

Paper III: Dental Materials, Dental Ethics & Jurisprudence, orientation in Dentistry.

                  Marks for each of the papers shall be as under:-

                             Written              75

                             Oral                   25

                             Practical           100

                             Total                  200

                Each written paper shall be of three hours.

3.    Every candidate shall be required to take up all papers of the examination. A candidate failing in any paper or papers of this examination before being permitted to reappear at the subsequent examination shall produce evidence of having pursued such a course of training as the Head of the institution may determine.

4.    The minimum number of marks required to pass the examination shall be 50 % in each paper both in (i) written with oral and (ii) practical  parts of the examination.  Candidates who obtain minimum of 75% marks in any paper under examination shall be declared to/have passed with distinction in a particular subject provided he/she passed all subjects of examination in first attempt.  Candidates who do not pass in all the papers of the Final Examination at one and the same time shall not be declared to have passed with distinction.

The college authority will apply two months in advance along with practical    examination date sheet to the DCI for recognition of the Diploma Course.

5.    As soon as possible after the examination, the board of Examiners shall publish a list of  those candidates who have passed. Each successful candidate shall be granted a Diploma  subject to the approval by Dental Council of India.



(1)      Anatomy, General and Dental


General structure of mucous membrane (tongue, phyrynx, lips),  bones, muscles, blood  general and teeth and associated structures in particular.

Elementary knowledge  of development  of the jaws and teeth

Structure, nomenclature and morphology of human teeth.

Eruption, resorption and occlusion of teeth.

Relationship of teeth with investing tissues.

Muscles of mastication and facial expression.

Tempromandibular Articulation

Course and distribution of Vth and VIIth  Cranial nerves.


Osteology of head and neck in general and face, including jaws in particular 

Morphology of teeth

Alveolar process of jaw bones

Section of tooth in situ.



Cell structure of the human body.

Brief description of the histology and function of various dental and oral tissues e.g. gingival, periodontal membrane, Alveolar process, Cementum, Enamel, Dentine, Nasmyths membrane, Pulp etc.

Salivary glands, ducts and their functions.

 Composition and function of saliva.

Blood: composition & functions.

Mastication, deglutition & Phonation.


          Study of prepared histological slides of oral and dental tissue, sections of a tooth.

Routine blood examination.



     Brief description, nomenclature, derivation, dosage, pharmacological action and therapeutic users of drugs commonly used in dentistry (obtundent, astringent,  mouth wash,  antiseptics)


Preparation of gum paints, mouth washers and dentifrices.



General  principles of pathology

Inflammation, degeneration and repair.

 Application of general principles of pathology to tooth and surrounding tissues.

Dental  anomalies.

 Attrition, abrasion and  erosion.

Oral manifestation of systemic diseases like diabetes, syphilis, anemia, vitamin deficiencies and infectious diseases like AIDS  and Hepatitis B.

Infection control in dental operatory and Bio-Medical Waste management and handling neoplasm with reference to oral cavity.

Elementary knowledge of Bacteriology, Asepsis, infection, immunity, brief description of pathology and Bacteriology of Dental Caries and Gingival Infections.


Study of prepared pathological and bacteriological slides relating to oral and dental conditions.

Clinical demonstration of oral  and dental manifestation of systemic disorders.

(5) Dental Radiology:


Fundamental and elementary principle of Dental Radiology  including X-ray machine, its components and maintenance.

Basic knowledge of Radio Visio Grapy technique and extra oral radiographs including 

Panoramic (Ortho- pantographs and cephalostats)

Automatic Film  processing

Cataloging and indexing of IOPA Films.

Knowledge of occlusal, bitewing and digital radiography

Technical aspects of Dental Radiographs i.e. the taking, processing and mounting of Dental Radiographs.

Characteristics  of acceptable image, factors that influence finished radiographs, rules of radiation protection. Radiation hazards.


Taking, processing and mounting of intra and extra oral Radiographs

(6)  Food and Nutrition.

Lectures and practical’s

Basic ‘food chemistry’ in relation to general and oral Health.

Physical  nature  of diet in prevention  of dental diseases.

Carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, minerals and water in relation to dental and oral  Health.

General  food  requirements for growth, maintenance and  repair of the body.

Assessment and charting of individual diet and counseling.

Effect of malnutrition on oral health.

Special diet and its administration in maxillofacial injury cases.

(7)  Dental Hygiene and Oral prophylaxis  (Primary and Final)


Definition of Hygiene

Objectives of Dental Hygiene

Oral prophylaxis- various methods.

Oral prophylaxis treatment system

Stains  on teeth extrinsic, intrinsic and their management.

Dental plaque.

Brushing and flossing technique

Dental calculus

Technical knowledge of ultrasonic scaling

Brief description and the role of oral prophylaxis in gingivitis,  Periodontitis , periodontal and Alveolar abscess..


Instruments, technique of oral prophylaxis

Distaining and polishing of teeth.

 Topical application of fluorides.

Care of oral cavity and appliances during treatment of maxillofacial cases.



(1)  Dental hygiene and oral prophylaxis:


(2) Dental health education  community public health Dentistry and preventive  dentistry:



Definition of health and dental health

Aims and objectives of dental health education.

Dental Health and Children.

Steps in preventive program, patient counseling.

Dental Health  Education parents, mothers (anti and post natal), infants pre school

Children  and grownup handicapped children.

Dental Caries prevalence and prevention.

 Prevention by fluoridation

Periodontal Diseases.

Saliva in relation to dental health and disease.

Dietary Habits  and Dental Health.

Habits and malocclusion.

Oral Cancer.

Brief outline of historical background of public health, history of dentistry and Public  Health Services.  Dental health team in relation to community health.

Technical knowledge of topical fluoride application.


Preparation of models of jaws and teeth normal and pathological dental conditions.

 Designing, drawing and painting of posters on dental health education.

 Procedure for arranging short talks, skits and features on dental and oral health, visual aids.

Collection of oral health related statistics by conducting a small survey of an area.

     Dental Ethics, jurisprudence  and orientation in Dentistry


Lectures and Practical


Difference between ethics and law, types of law.

Legal impositions in relation to dental practice, code of ethics.

Unlicensed practice of dentistry.

Regulatory and Professional organization.

Place and function of dental profession in the society and discussion of economic problems involved therein.

Social  factors in dental progress, income and living  standard of people.

 Objective and scope of dentistry.

Dental specialties.

Basic   knowledge of Computer.

General  office routine economics, record- keeping  services, professional referrals and computing skill;

Dental Materials

Lectures and Practical

General knowledge of various material used in Dentistry such as impression material, gypsum products, waxes, investing materials and various filling materials, temporary  maxillofacial  and surgical  prosthesis.

Recognition and knowledge of various dental equipment and stores used in dental establishment.

Organization of dental stores, storage and accounting, handling and maintenance of dental items, assembly and minor repair of dental equipment.